Waiting from prison | What to expect from jail?
What to expect from jail?
This is a question that many people ask themselves: after all, what to expect from prison?
I’m sure a lot of people will respond at once that the purpose of prisons is the punishment of the offender. Others will say it’s to resocialize you. Some say it serves both to punish and to resocialize. Some (among them is the one who writes to you) will affirm that they do not serve anything but aggravate the situation of our society.
Before we try to arrive at the answer to the initial question (or raise further doubts), let’s look at some information:
- most of those who are in prison are there as a result of provisional arrest (CNJ report points out that, every three prisoners in the country, one is provisional), getting to be 03 years or more in this condition (depends, among other factors, the crime that is accused of practicing), the great part is about 10 months, 01 year;
- most are imprisoned for crimes committed without violence or serious threat (One in three prisoners in the country is responsible for drug trafficking);
- one in three individuals arrested on a provisional basis is not sentenced to imprisonment (1 in 3 prisoners is not sentenced to jail at the end of the trial, study says), therefore, they remain provisionally held for a long period and at the end, or are acquitted or sentenced to a penalty that does not allow imprisonment;
- the food served is unsuitable for humans (Prisoners receive food that is unfit for humans and gets sick in ES);
- Overcrowding (unnecessary) causes people to be trapped inside vehicles, waiting for a vacancy in the prison units (Inmates wait inside MP vehicles for jobs in prisons in RS);
- the majority did not even complete elementary school (Survey shows schooling of prisoners in the country), and there is therefore a clear lack;
- most are technically primary (One in four convicted offenders rejoin the crime, research points out).
What’s more, did you know that the average time a person spends each day in the cell (overcrowded, hot, muffled, without ventilation, not enough lighting) is 22h?
There are 22 hours of absolute leisure, in direct contact with other prisoners, with the only possibility of increasing even more the internal violence of each one and the criminal interchange between them, not to mention the great possibility (necessity, actually) of “choosing” a faction to integrate and (try) to survive in this environment.
So what to expect from jail?
In theory, prisons in Brazil would have the purpose of punishing (repaying evil) and preventing new offenses. But what you see is punishment only and it has not served anything.
If we stop to think, in fact, the prisons are not serving to prevent new crimes, they are increasing the chance that the egress returns to practice new crimes, making the very performance of the state is responsible for the secondary deviation.
I know you may be thinking:
But Peter, the murderer, the rapist, the werewolf,… can not be free, he must suffer, for the victim and / or his family will suffer for the crime committed.
Initially, we can not assume that in our prisons there are oanly those who have committed barbaric crimes. On the contrary, a significant number of prisoners are in that situation through the practice of crimes that do not involve any type of violence or serious threat. In fact, many there are for crimes considered to be dangerous (not harm).
Second, however much people who commit serious crimes (still) must also respond gravely for the infraction, is it applying the penalty in the way we apply today that will prevent him from committing crimes again? Or is the goal just to punish you?
Punishment by itself, unaccompanied by any other factor, serves no purpose at all!
What is the point of withdrawing the individual from society (already with no opportunity in life, no study, no work, no family, no perspective), put him in an overcrowded cell for 22 of the 24 hours of a day, without giving him an improvement of his personal, emotional, social,… condition, in the end, to return him to society with the same problems that he had before being arrested, but even more aggravated after the period in prison?
We have reached a situation where we can say that ALL arrests are illegal, unconstitutional (and the STF itself acknowledged this, that we are living an “unconstitutional state of affairs”).
As long as we close our eyes to the prison population and desire only evil, we will not have a better future, we will be caught up in this vicious circle of violence and we will continue to wonder: what to expect from prison?