Ecology – E JEMED http://e-jemed.org/ Wed, 22 Jun 2022 05:08:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://e-jemed.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/default1-150x150.png Ecology – E JEMED http://e-jemed.org/ 32 32 Research with Bite | Mirage News https://e-jemed.org/research-with-bite-mirage-news/ Wed, 22 Jun 2022 05:08:00 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/research-with-bite-mirage-news/ Press release from the University of Bonn. Scientists from the University of Bonn present a sensor system capable of measuring the bite force of insects. A praying mantis (Hierodula sp.) bites into the sensor plates. Credit: Volker Lannert, University of Bonn. How badly can insects bite? Having a powerful chewing device makes it easier to […]]]>

Press release from the University of Bonn.

Scientists from the University of Bonn present a sensor system capable of measuring the bite force of insects.

A praying mantis (Hierodula sp.) bites into the sensor plates. Credit: Volker Lannert, University of Bonn.

How badly can insects bite? Having a powerful chewing device makes it easier to crush harder foods and successfully fight fights with enemies. Biologists from the University of Bonn are now presenting a mobile system (forceX) for measuring the bite forces of small animals, as well as the forceR software for evaluating the data. This allows researchers to understand how biting forces evolved. The final version is now published in the journal Methods in ecology and evolution with funding from the European Research Council and the German Research Foundation.

The praying mantis squirms a little in the scientist’s hand. When the insect approaches the sensor, it defends itself by biting the two metal plates which transfer pressure to a piezo crystal. The crystal generates a load-dependent voltage which is transmitted to a laptop through an amplifier. Curves appear on the screen, some of which soar and tremulously reach a plateau before falling back to zero. Sometimes the ascent and descent are flatter – depending on how fast the insect approaches maximum force when biting.

Virtually no data on bite force

“There are hardly any data available on the bite force of insects, says Peter T. Rühr, PhD student at the Institute for Evolutionary Biology and Ecology at the University of Bonn. With their “forceX” sensor system, the researchers want to study how the mandibles, musculature and head shape of insects have evolved to meet the challenges of their respective environments. “It is not always advantageous to be able to bite hard, because maintaining this ability requires higher energy costs,” says Rühr. The bite force may depend, for example, on what food an insect feeds on or whether it needs the mandibles for self-defence.

“Maintaining the ability to bite hard requires higher energy costs”

The team led by Professor Dr. Alexander Blanke, who obtained a European Research Council (ERC) start-up grant, developed the existing systems for measuring bite forces.

Researchers at the University of Bonn used a stereomicroscope, similar to a powerful magnifying glass, to detect whether the mandibles of the insect under study are in contact with the metal plates of the sensor in the right place. The lower platen is stationary, while the upper platen transmits the force to the sensor via a rocker.

Suitable for studying the bite forces of many different small animals

“Depending on the size and opening angle of the mandibles, we use interchangeable bite plates of different sizes,” says Rühr, explaining the progress. “This allows the sensor to be adjusted over a relatively wide range to meet the particular needs of the animals.” The complete system is battery-powered and can therefore be used for mobile measurements – even in the wild.

The bite curves of a praying mantis (Hierodula sp.) measured by the forceX system can be viewed on a laptop computer.  In the background, Peter T. Rühr performs the measurement.
The researchers’ forceX system, which measures each insect’s bite curves, is compact enough to take anywhere. Credit: Volker Lannert, University of Bonn.

For the biting insects, the researchers use a plastic “support”. The animals disappear completely into the flask, with only its head and mouthparts protruding from a small hole in the front. Rühr: “This allows us to better position the insects without having to hold them in our hands. Usually animals don’t need much persuasion before biting. They feel uncomfortable in an unfamiliar environment and defend themselves with their defensive bites. If this instinctive behavior doesn’t materialize, the researchers stroke the insects’ heads with a delicate brush – prompting the insects to close their jaws.

Highly accurate measurements for bite force

For publication in Methods in Ecology and Evolution, the researchers determined the accuracy of the system: They did so by attaching different weights, ranging from one gram to nearly one kilogram, to the moving metal plate. A total of 1600 repetitions shows that the deviation between the measurements is at most 2.2%. “It’s very precise,” says Rühr. The system can also be used to measure the strength of scorpion or crab claws, for example.

Rühr and Blanke built the system while at the University of Cologne, partly with the local precision engineering workshop. At the University of Bonn, they further optimized it and carried out the precision measurements. The manuscript also describes the new “forceR” software, with which bite force values ​​and shapes of bite curves can be evaluated and compared. The researchers do not want to commercialize the bite force sensor system. “On the contrary, the results presented in ‘Methods in Ecology and Evolution’ provide the basis for the repetitions,” says Rühr. The essential parts of the sensor can even be reproduced using a 3D printer.

You can read the whole article here:

https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/2041-210X.13909

/Public release. This material from the original organization/authors may be ad hoc in nature, edited for clarity, style and length. The views and opinions expressed are those of the author or authors.View Full here.

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Regenerative farms seek to keep plants healthy and people fed https://e-jemed.org/regenerative-farms-seek-to-keep-plants-healthy-and-people-fed/ Mon, 20 Jun 2022 05:47:43 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/regenerative-farms-seek-to-keep-plants-healthy-and-people-fed/ Ten acres of veg sit between the wildfire-scorched foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains and a winding section of Highway 1 that connects San Francisco to Monterey Bay. The terrain is more linear and colorful than the coastal plain that stretches between the hills and the Pacific. A flock of small birds rush between the […]]]>

Ten acres of veg sit between the wildfire-scorched foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains and a winding section of Highway 1 that connects San Francisco to Monterey Bay. The terrain is more linear and colorful than the coastal plain that stretches between the hills and the Pacific. A flock of small birds rush between the crops, hiding under the pointed leaves of artichokes and between the stems of tall sunflowers.

Cole Mazariegos-Anastassiou is one of three owners of Brisa Ranch. We pass a holding tank, full despite the drought, and rows of strawberries, peppers and green vegetables that the water irrigates. We reach the northern end of the field where Mazariegos-Anastassiou and his co-owners are growing their first crop in new soil, winter squash. When large plants die, he says, their broad leaves and thick stems will burrow into the earth, providing a habitat for bacteria that will help support the underground ecosystem that keeps their crops healthy.

Brisa Ranch is a regenerative farm, using farming practices designed to strengthen soil structure rather than erode it and using ecological functions for farm management rather than inputs like fertilizers and pesticides wherever possible . By planting out-of-season cover crops, not tilling the soil, and growing multiple types of crops alongside native plants, regenerative farms store atmospheric carbon in the soil and create agricultural landscapes that are more capable of growing food in an increasingly unstable climate. In regenerative farms, carbon extracted from the atmosphere creates underground habitats that keep plants healthy and people fed.

Ratan Lal, a soil scientist at Ohio State University, estimates that if regenerative methods such as no-till agriculture and cover crops were implemented globally, they could offset 15% of global emissions. Even in this most optimistic scenario, he says an immediate and aggressive transition away from fossil fuels would still be the only way to avoid the worst effects of the climate crisis. But Claire Kremen, who studies diversified agriculture at the University of British Columbia, says climate mitigation is just one aspect of what makes regenerative agriculture valuable.

“I know right now everyone is rightly very concerned about the climate, but it’s one of those very unusual things where we can do a lot of good for a lot of different systems at once.” , said Kremen. “The biodiversity system, the water system, the climate system. This multifunctionality makes it more attractive.

The multiple systemic benefits that regenerative farms bring to landscapes are rooted in the techniques that set them apart from conventional farms, whether they use chemicals or are organic. One hundred miles north of Brisa Ranch, regenerative farmer Paul Kaiser has seen the landscape and ecology of Singing Frogs Farm evolve in response to 13 years of changing farming practices. In the early years, he would spend hours plucking the beetles from his eggplants one at a time and dredging the pond at the bottom of the farm to remove the soil that had eroded. After switching to a no-till system and stopping disturbing the soil, he says many of those problems disappeared.

No-till farming, one of Ratan Lal’s main criteria for what he considers a regenerative farm, involves planting crops year after year without turning the soil in between, a process that both kills beneficial bacteria and releases stored carbon into the atmosphere. When stored in the ground, carbon does not contribute to climate change. It also forms soil aggregates, which provide a habitat for bacteria and worms, the building blocks of an underground ecology that helps grow healthy plants. After 13 years, Kaiser says he worries little about pests, weeds or erosion, a stark contrast to his first three years of farming with a tillage-based system.

“What changed was that we didn’t till and our soil became much stronger and healthier with much more biological activity to interact with plant roots,” Kaiser said. “The other thing that changed was that we started to see that the ecology that we had invested in from day one had finally developed and therefore started to support the operation of the farm.”

Another principle of regenerative agriculture, biodiversity, is a radical departure from monoculture systems, which spread corn, almonds or strawberries over as many hectares as possible. While no-till agriculture increases below-ground biodiversity, growing multiple crops in complex rotations alongside native plants helps bring pollinators and pest-predating insects and birds into the agricultural system. Studies have shown that both intercropping and crop rotation over the seasons lead to better resistance to stress in plants, helping them to manage the fluctuations of a destabilized climate.

Kaiser uses trees and shrub hedges to bring more species to the farm, while Brisa plants 50 varieties of crops and other beneficial plants. Instead of using pesticides on their greens, whether chemical or organic, they grow sweet alyssum, which attracts a wasp with an appetite for aphids.

“The agroecological standard is about creating an ecosystem on your farm and working with what already exists, says Verónica Mazariegos-Anastassiou, another owner of Brisa.

Kaiser saw biodiversity saving his crops. After a heat wave in March, an increasingly common weather event with climate change, a swarm of aphids covered chard it planned to bring to a farmers market. Assuming the greens were lost, he moved on to harvesting his other crops. When he returned a few days later, the aphids were gone and the dark green leaves were crawling with ladybugs. The chard crop was 15 feet from a hedge. When the heat wave hit, the aphids woke up first, but the predatory ladybugs soon followed.

Kremen asserts that biodiversity in an agricultural landscape is not limited to the variety of crops planted at one time, and also includes the number of crops planted in one location over time. Even in a monoculture system, a cover crop can increase temporal biodiversity, provide different nutrients to the soil, and help attract pollinators and beneficial insects to a farm.

When their vegetables aren’t in the ground, Brisa Ranch plants a cover crop. One of the fundamental practices of regenerative agriculture, cover crops continue to sequester carbon even when crops are not grown for sale, prevent erosion and add nutrients to the soil. Cover crops create a more porous soil it is better able to withstand drought and absorb water during floods, helping farms cope with rainfall patterns tendency to extremes. One species in Brisa’s mix is ​​a dry bean, which adds nitrogen to the soil that other plants can draw on later, bypassing the nitrogen fertilizer that is a common input on conventional farms. Creating chemical fertilizers is an energy-intensive process and one reason why conventional farms emit more carbon than they sequester. Reducing inputs and relying on ecosystem services for nutrients and pest control means emitting less to grow the same crop.

“If you can reduce the use of fertilizers and pesticides, you’re already doing climate mitigation,” Kremen said.

Lal believes regenerative operations are better equipped to feed communities in a less stable climate. Taken separately, direct seeding, biodiversity and cover crops each contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation. By working together, they make regenerative farms much better equipped to produce food during the extreme weather events that are a symptom of our climate crisis. A growing body of to research suggests that regenerative farms have more stable yields than their conventional counterparts. In a good year, Lal says, a conventional system will have a higher crop yield than a regenerative farm, but good years are becoming less and less common. In bad years, regenerative farms produce a larger harvest.

“It really is climate-smart agriculture,” Lal said.

Kremen cites two examples from the past decade that demonstrate this trend. In 2012, a drought hit the Midwestern United States. While conventional farms suffered heavy losses, she says, farms incorporating regenerative practices like cover crops still achieved a healthy harvest. A continent away, during a long drought in Colombia’s Cesar River Valley, lean cows ate dry grass on conventional farms, while their neighbors had plenty to eat in a silvopastoral system, incorporating both trees and perennial shrubs.

Brisa Ranch is weathering its own drought, but Cole, Verónica and their partner Cristóbal Hernández are unaffected. They planted based on their available rainwater and know they have enough to get by. The trio have only been farming in Brisa for three years, but their regenerative practices are already changing a landscape long cultivated as a monoculture. At the north end of the farm, where they are growing their first crop of winter squash, the earth blows away with the wind and falls through a farmer’s fingers like sand. To the south, the soil they have cultivated for years comes in clumps, dense with carbon and fallen plant stems, ready to support new life.

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Church to push greener programs https://e-jemed.org/church-to-push-greener-programs/ Sat, 18 Jun 2022 13:52:24 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/church-to-push-greener-programs/ The Catholic Church will roll out more ecological campaigns and good governance programs in dioceses and parishes over the next two years. Bishop Jose Colin Bagaforo, National Director of Caritas Philippines, the social action arm of the Catholic Church, made the announcement during the 40th National Social Action General Assembly held recently in General Santos […]]]>

The Catholic Church will roll out more ecological campaigns and good governance programs in dioceses and parishes over the next two years.

Bishop Jose Colin Bagaforo, National Director of Caritas Philippines, the social action arm of the Catholic Church, made the announcement during the 40th National Social Action General Assembly held recently in General Santos City. .

Bishop Jose Colin Bagaforo. Photo by CBCP

About 240 social workers from 71 dioceses across the country participated in the national assembly which ended last Friday.

“We must ensure that no one is left behind in the face of the worsening climate crisis and that we amplify the voice of the people while engaging in the process of good local governance, Bagaforo said.

“Time is a luxury we don’t have. We need to design local environmental campaigns that propel concrete green actions and require community involvement,” he added.

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Bagaforo noted that Caritas Philippines has been instrumental in shaping various environmental campaigns, such as the anti-coal campaign in Southeast Asia and the movement to protect Verde Island Passage in Luzon.

Caritas Philippines has also launched a movement focusing on the “post-election accountability campaign”.

Executive Secretary of Caritas Philippines Fr. Antonio Labiao said the post-election initiative is part of its core program on “good governance” which aims “to broaden the active participation of church members in local governance to nation building”.

“There is a need for the continued participation of church people in principled politics for the renewal of society, which is at the heart of the new evangelization,” he said.

He said the good governance agenda will require the active participation and “faith-driven” engagement of people in local good governance processes.

Labiao said the movement on good governance aims to produce and organize “advocates and champions of good governance at different levels”.

“This program seeks to institutionalize good governance processes from the barangay level for the common good,” he said.

Caritas Philippines will present the details and design of the program to the plenary of the Philippine Catholic Bishops’ Conference in July.

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Outlook discussions: Where is Goa headed? https://e-jemed.org/outlook-discussions-where-is-goa-headed/ Thu, 16 Jun 2022 05:44:47 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/outlook-discussions-where-is-goa-headed/ “The sunny state of India” has seen gradual but consistent change, both politically and culturally. But what do the people of Goa think of the changing ideological ethos of a state known not only for its picturesque beaches but also for its unique natural ecosystem and Indo-Portuguese heritage? Outlook Editor Chinki Sinha recently spoke about […]]]>

“The sunny state of India” has seen gradual but consistent change, both politically and culturally. But what do the people of Goa think of the changing ideological ethos of a state known not only for its picturesque beaches but also for its unique natural ecosystem and Indo-Portuguese heritage? Outlook Editor Chinki Sinha recently spoke about the magazine’s latest issue on the changing face of Goa during a panel discussion with a journalist, artist, writer and hotelier on the state’s past, present and outlook.

Edited excerpts from the panel discussion co-hosted by Goa-based writer and journalist Mayabhushan Nagvenkar:

Goa, a state located on the west coast of India and known for its picturesque beaches, is undoubtedly one of the busiest tourist attractions in the south of the country. However, escalating tourism, infrastructure development and distant policymaking are fueling fears that the region is on the verge of an environmental cataclysm.

The biggest worry that exists is that the political machinery, according to activists, runs on the cogs of money. In other words, regardless of which party holds the seat of power, it is money and corporations that often rule politics and politics in general. As Claude Alphonso Alvares, a renowned environmentalist based in Goa, puts it, “the system is now completely business-oriented”.

“Politicians, Alvares believes, “have now become prominent businessmen. Contracts are offered to those who offer more commissions and monetary benefits.”

The environment and ecology of Goa is in flux and unfortunately the ongoing changes are threatening in a host of aspects. Therefore, initiatives to stop, or at least reduce the drastic transformation of the ecological landscape of the region, must be taken urgently.

Alvares thinks the light at the end of the tunnel is dim, but things are changing, however small. Recently, the Goa government banned mining leaseholders from engaging in any mining-related activity in dozens of mining leases whose renewals were canceled by the Supreme Court of India. And such respite came after the people of Goa fought a long and vehement struggle against the state government’s plan for land use.

“Things can change!” says Alvares, while adding that “it was the voices of the people that led to the halting of vicious town planning activities in Goa, a disaster that had to be and was somehow stopped.”

Although the threat to the surroundings of Goa has existed since the 1970s, the escalation of vicious human activities is accelerating at a relentless pace, thus adding to the challenges ahead. Although activism is picking up and peer groups are creating much-needed pressure, there is more than meets the eye. Things fall into place when political functioning is fluid and responsible.

Veteran Goa-based journalist Frederick Noronha told Outlook: “Whenever a ruling party is involved in a criminal act that is detrimental to the environment and ecology of Goa, the opposition is nowhere to be found. The opposition barely controls the people in power.

Policy-making and localized activities threaten Goa, but a greater threat lies on our doorstep: climate change. The key to tackling the climate crisis, according to Elsa Fernandes, lies in intensive research and in studying and finalizing action plans. Otherwise, she says, Goa will “drown”.

“What we should be doing, however, we are not doing,” says Fernandes, who is an environmental architect based in Goa, while adding that people have turned a blind eye to climate change and the key to solving the problem of the climate crisis is to accept and acknowledge climate concerns.

“Having accepted that an imminent doom awaits us, especially at the gates of coastal areas, we need to assess situations retrospectively, and technology is helpful for that,” Fernandes added.

However, the booming tourism is not only detrimental to the coastal areas of Goa, the hinterland terrains are also experiencing drastic changes. Visitation is heading to the mountainous regions and in the midst of this, infrastructure development – ​​necessary to accommodate tourism there – must be as minimal as possible.

“Coastal areas reached saturation point a long time ago, and now we have to focus strictly on preserving the hinterland,” said Goa-based tourism and hotel entrepreneur Jack Ajit Sukhija.

In such a case, widespread awareness is the need of the hour, and for that, the publishing industry is in particular need of an overhaul.

“Books published on Goa often fetishize the region. Therefore, we need more books where tourist clichés are reduced,” Noronha said.

“Vernacular voices, rather than metropolitan city voices, will prove more educational, and to reinforce these voices, Goa needs inexpensive printing options,” he added.

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! Murcia Today – Environmentalists in Action award black flags to Mar Menor and Portman Bay https://e-jemed.org/murcia-today-environmentalists-in-action-award-black-flags-to-mar-menor-and-portman-bay/ Tue, 14 Jun 2022 14:22:38 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/murcia-today-environmentalists-in-action-award-black-flags-to-mar-menor-and-portman-bay/ Publication date: 06/14/2022 The flags highlight the beaches and coastal areas of Spain who fail in their environmental efforts The Mar Menor and the Sierra Minera-Bahía de Portmán are again the areas of the Region of Murcia that receive the “black flags” of the environmental group Ecologists in Action (Ecologistas en Acción), which awards these […]]]>

Publication date: 06/14/2022

The flags highlight the beaches and coastal areas of Spain who fail in their environmental efforts

The Mar Menor and the Sierra Minera-Bahía de Portmán are again the areas of the Region of Murcia that receive the “black flags” of the environmental group Ecologists in Action (Ecologistas en Acción), which awards these ironic distinctions as a form of protest against poor environmental management and pollution in these areas.

The Mar Minor

In a report presented on Tuesday, the environmental organization stressed that, in the case of the Mar Menor, although “some improvements” are observed under the effect of “social pressure”, there is still “much to do”. this is why it continues to receive a black flag.

For Ecologists in Action, poor land management and the lack of regulation of economic sectors, in particular agro-industry and intensive livestock farming, are pushing the ecosystem to the “limit of its capacity to resist”.

The State of the Environment report states that the Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) recognized in 2021 that the lagoon ecosystem had “lost its capacity for self-regulation”, so any impact, such as excessive intake of nutrients, has serious consequences. .

However, in the same document, the IEO stated that it is still possible to recover a large part of the Mar Menor, provided that effective solutions are adopted immediately.

At the moment, although there have been some movements of “hope”, according to Ecologistas en Acción, the reality is that “almost everything remains to be done” in terms of reducing pollution at source and in terms of measures to prevent him from advancing towards the Mar Menor.

She warned that the threat of a new “green soup” and animal mortality due to anoxia this year is recognized by all administrations and scientific experts, while alerting to the economic and social consequences of the degradation , which are already beginning to be quantified in “millions of dollars of losses”, both in the real estate sector and in the tourism and fishing sectors.

Portman Bay

Ecologists in Action awards black flags to Mar Menor and Portman Bay

After decades of environmental pollution from destructive mining activities, the Sierra Minera is now a ‘scorched earth’, where private enterprise profits from the exploitation of natural resources.

These benefits, according to Ecologistas en Acción, were obtained by destroying the landscape and generating tons of toxic waste that accumulated in ponds without adequate insulation and sealing, and which almost completely blocked the bay, leaving local populations a “very bleak future: without landscape and with a huge debt in the form of toxic waste”.

The organization’s report says that after mining ceased in the 1990s, the administration allowed the company to leave at virtually no cost, and the current owners were not obliged to prevent the spread of contamination from the piles of waste.

Since then, more than two decades have passed during which there have been constant calls for a solution, a future for the affected populations, which, despite some progress, has yet to come.

Additionally, Ecologists in Action has warned of the health effects for local people, who are showing “unacceptable levels” of heavy metals due to this exposure, and are watching in despair as public administrations “play down the problem” and wait. “eternally” to implement promised solutions, which “seem never to happen”.

These two cases, the report concludes, remain the “most serious” cases of mismanagement and pollution of the coastal environment, but it pointed out that in the rest of the coast of the Region of Murcia there are “many other undesirable impacts and situations, which also deserve to be denounced and effective solutions demanded”.

In Spain, of the 48 black flags in the 2022 report, 14 were awarded for “discharge, deficiencies in sewerage systems and serious sewerage problems” and another 10 for “coastal development encroaching on the maritime-terrestrial public domain”, the two most important. common causes this year.

Other causes for awarding black flags this year were “effects on biodiversity” (5 black flags), “dredging and extensions” (4), “development of coastal industrial areas” (4), l coastal erosion (3), accumulation of marine litter (3) and others such as “aquaculture” and “chemical pollution” (4).

Picture 1: CARM

Image 2: Town Hall of La Union

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bird walk will take place at the Eastern Ecological Science Center | Journal-news https://e-jemed.org/bird-walk-will-take-place-at-the-eastern-ecological-science-center-journal-news/ Sat, 11 Jun 2022 03:00:00 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/bird-walk-will-take-place-at-the-eastern-ecological-science-center-journal-news/ LEETOWN — The Potomac Valley Audubon Society (PVAS) will sponsor a bird walk on the property of the USGS Eastern Ecological Science Center on Tuesday. Recognizing that not everyone is ready to get up for the typical early morning bird walk, tour guides Karli and Cheyenne are excited to host an evening walk in June. […]]]>

LEETOWN — The Potomac Valley Audubon Society (PVAS) will sponsor a bird walk on the property of the USGS Eastern Ecological Science Center on Tuesday.

Recognizing that not everyone is ready to get up for the typical early morning bird walk, tour guides Karli and Cheyenne are excited to host an evening walk in June. The birds are most active at dawn and dusk, and this walk will showcase the evening sights and sounds the birds provide.

This walk is open to the public and children are welcome accompanied by an adult. This walk starts at 6 p.m. and participants can join for the whole walk or leave any time before 9 p.m., if needed.

Dress for the weather, wear sturdy walking shoes, and bring drinking water and insect repellent.

The USGS Eastern Ecological Science Center is located at 407 Reservoir Road, Leetown. The property has a mix of open ponds and wooded areas, providing the opportunity to see a variety of bird species.

The route of this birding walk will be generally flat, with some gradual hills. It is open to the public free of charge and anyone interested in bird watching is welcome, regardless of experience. Children are also welcome accompanied by an adult.

Pre-registration is mandatory on the site calendar, www.potomacaudubon.org. Binoculars will be provided if needed.

For more information, contact Krista Hawley at adultprograms@potomacaudubon.org or 681-252–1387.

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The TN policy on invasive plants and ecological restoration will be finalized by this month, the government said. tells HC https://e-jemed.org/the-tn-policy-on-invasive-plants-and-ecological-restoration-will-be-finalized-by-this-month-the-government-said-tells-hc/ Wed, 08 Jun 2022 19:36:00 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/the-tn-policy-on-invasive-plants-and-ecological-restoration-will-be-finalized-by-this-month-the-government-said-tells-hc/ Full Bench orders the government to also propose a deadline to wipe out pest species such as Seemai Karuvelam Full Bench orders the government to also propose a deadline to wipe out pest species such as Seemai Karuvelam The Madras High Court on Wednesday granted the state government four more weeks to finalize the Tamil […]]]>

Full Bench orders the government to also propose a deadline to wipe out pest species such as Seemai Karuvelam

Full Bench orders the government to also propose a deadline to wipe out pest species such as Seemai Karuvelam

The Madras High Court on Wednesday granted the state government four more weeks to finalize the Tamil Nadu Policy on Invasive Plants and Ecological Restoration (TN PIPER) and ordered it to come up with a time frame within which pest species such as ‘seemai karuvelam’ (Prosopis juliflora) would be wiped out.

A full bench of Chief Justice Munishwar Nath Bhandari, N. Sathish Kumar and N. Mala issued the directive while passing interim orders on a batch of cases, including one filed by MDMK General Secretary Vaiko in 2015, with a plea to eradicate ‘seemai karuvelam’ as it depletes the water table.

The judges adjourned the case until July 7 for a rehearing after Additional General Counsel J. Ravindran told the court that TN PIPER would be finalized by this month. He said the policy was prepared after sending officials to various states and analyzing the best practices adopted there to eradicate invasive species.

He also informed the court that despite finalizing the policy, the government was already removing seemai karuvelam trees from various parts of the state.

The Department of Water Resources removed trees from water bodies spread over 70,476.85 hectares in 30 districts between April 1, 2017 and April 30, 2022, it said.

Stating that the Department of Panchayat Raj and Rural Development had also removed invasive species from 45,133.07 hectares out of 88,433.971 hectares of water bodies under its jurisdiction, the AAG said work was also underway to eliminate species from the rest of the area. .

In addition, the removal of invasive and alien species from forest areas was also being undertaken simultaneously, he said and asked for a month’s time to report on progress.

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ANTI Double-Token Ecology Established and Launched to Lead Development of Blockchain Gaming Industry https://e-jemed.org/anti-double-token-ecology-established-and-launched-to-lead-development-of-blockchain-gaming-industry/ Mon, 06 Jun 2022 22:57:37 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/anti-double-token-ecology-established-and-launched-to-lead-development-of-blockchain-gaming-industry/ At a time when the first blockchain projects started to achieve multi-type integration, forming an exclusive metaverse in different categories, ANTI, which is the very first anti-hash quiz game, entered the metaverse realm. According to the developers, its long-term planning double-token model and perfect sacred password 142857 double-pool mechanism are unprecedented. ANTI’s foundry deflation is […]]]>

At a time when the first blockchain projects started to achieve multi-type integration, forming an exclusive metaverse in different categories, ANTI, which is the very first anti-hash quiz game, entered the metaverse realm. According to the developers, its long-term planning double-token model and perfect sacred password 142857 double-pool mechanism are unprecedented.

ANTI’s foundry deflation is about to disrupt the entire network, which will inevitably become the main trend in the industry. With the introduction of casting and trading, the gaming experience will be further enhanced, which means that users who enter this stage early can have the opportunity to get rich quick.

There are currently many kinds of games in the metaverse, the companies involved are all well-known in the industry, and most of the games are characterized by too unique and relatively tight integration mechanism, which has a great impact on the project development. ANTI, on the other hand, has many features, such as casting, trading, option, hash, roulette, and blind box, which have attracted many new users. The presale amount of ANTI is 60,000,000,000 coins, starting from the presale price of 0.00001 USDT, while 1 million coins of ANTI is equal to 10 USDT, 2 million coins of ANTI is equal to 0.05 BNB and the total ANTI supply is 1,000,000,000,000 coins.

ANTI attracts a large number of players in the Play-to-Earn mode, and its core elements include blockchain, Token, NFT and DeFi. The Play-to-Earn expansion mode determines its stable and safe characteristics.

Since ANTI entered the market, the number of players participating in it has grown by leaps and bounds. In the metaverse game rankings, ANTI has grown at an incredible speed, from being unknown to entering the list and then entering the top position. Currently, the number of participants in ANTI is the highest in the industry. The number of players entering ANTI and the player retention rate are both high. The growth rate exceeded 7.4% for the top three games in the metaverse.

This means that the earlier users get into the game, the higher the amount of revenue they can get, which is also the case for Bitcoin. With the continuous improvement of gameplay and game mechanism, the number of independent metaverses that can be integrated will continue to increase, which means that the development range that can be obtained will continue to increase. It will allow players to verify ownership of assets in time and ensure the stability and security of assets in and out of the game. For this reason, industry authorities and major players are extremely optimistic about the scope of the development of ANTI.

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True Colors | atmosphere https://e-jemed.org/true-colors-atmosphere/ Fri, 03 Jun 2022 14:47:15 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/true-colors-atmosphere/ It’s Pride Month, which means it’s time for us to celebrate all things queer ecology – a subject that combines queer theory with elements of ecological study, seeking to reweave our cultural tapestries of identity. This is a subject that fascinates me personally. As I pointed out in my sex and gender newsletter a few […]]]>

It’s Pride Month, which means it’s time for us to celebrate all things queer ecology – a subject that combines queer theory with elements of ecological study, seeking to reweave our cultural tapestries of identity. This is a subject that fascinates me personally. As I pointed out in my sex and gender newsletter a few months ago, nature and biology have historically been weaponized against queer and trans people, and still are. This week, we take a closer look at what homosexuality and nature have in common, and what it has to do with pride.

I often wonder if humans are the only species capable of denying our own nature. Do animals sometimes hide who they are? Do flowers sometimes refuse to bloom? Do mushrooms ever give up on their own deployment? The argument that queer and trans people are unnatural isn’t just wrong, it’s completely backwards. At the heart of nature and homosexuality is an innate and indelible sense of authenticity – a loyalty to self that cannot be denied even by the strongest efforts at cultural control and societal conformity.

When I was a child, nothing came more naturally to me than femininity. There was no separation between me and my own nature – I knew exactly who I was. But that knowledge was conditioned on me, forced to adapt an identity that was entirely foreign to me. Coming out, transitioning, these are phrases we use to describe the process of coming back to yourself and reconnecting with who you were before someone told you you had to be someone else. .

My transition has been inseparably linked to Nature. The first time I accepted my femininity as an adult was working with psilocybin mushrooms. I was sitting on a beach, watching the waves sway and the trees caressing them, and I felt connected to this world in a way I never had before. I saw her power and her beauty, and how much she suffered. And for the first time, I felt the same within me. I felt the weight of a life of repression – and it was then and there that I decided I could no longer deny who I was.

I spent years unlearning everything I was taught, letting go of everything that wasn’t me. It was a process of personal renaturalization; the more I embody my truth, the more I realize how much my life has been spent acting in ways that were completely unnatural to me. And while there was heartbreak in that discovery, it was nothing compared to the joy that followed – the pride I feel in expressing myself authentically to the world. I think that’s what pride is: authentic awareness and expression of our unique being.

Of course, it’s impossible to talk about pride without addressing its antithesis: shame, a cultural tool used to make people conform by instilling in them the belief that they are evil. Shame creates dissociation, a kind of inner distance that prevents us from seeing ourselves clearly, our vision distorted by the opinions of others. We’ve already covered an example of this, the narrative that queer and trans people are unnatural. It separates us not only from ourselves, but from the rest of the Earth, despite the fact that we are creatures of it like everyone else.

The journey we take to come back to ourselves is part of the queer and trans experience – and it’s a journey we must continually embark on when we live in a world that tries to erase us. It’s not that different from the journey our species has to embark on, the journey of remembering that we really belong in this world. To be queer and trans is to be unabashedly and genuinely true, free from the insidious shame of societal norms that have been ingrained in us. To be proud is to show our true colors. What could be more natural than that?

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STALKER Environmentalists and Monolithic Factions Explained https://e-jemed.org/stalker-environmentalists-and-monolithic-factions-explained/ Wed, 01 Jun 2022 21:30:00 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/stalker-environmentalists-and-monolithic-factions-explained/ factions of HARLER and the next STALKER 2: Heart of Chernobyl each have an opposite counterpart. This can be a violent rivalry such as the ideological war between Duty and Liberty or the more fundamental conflict of Solitaires and Bandits. Others, like the military and mercenaries, do not compete openly, but develop along divergent paths […]]]>

factions of HARLER and the next STALKER 2: Heart of Chernobyl each have an opposite counterpart. This can be a violent rivalry such as the ideological war between Duty and Liberty or the more fundamental conflict of Solitaires and Bandits. Others, like the military and mercenaries, do not compete openly, but develop along divergent paths over the course of the games. This second category applies to the final main factions: the Ecologists and Monolith.

GAMER VIDEO OF THE DAY

Although they almost never engage in open combat with each other, the Ecologists and the Monolithians couldn’t be more antithetical. Both of which are very likely to reappear in STALKER 2understanding their wildly divergent views on the Zone is one of the most important aspects of uncovering its deepest secrets.

RELATED: STALKER’s Duty and Freedom Factions Explained

The environmentalist faction

One of the few state-sanctioned factions operating in the zone, the Environmentalists are made up of expert scientists who hope to harness the bizarre miracles of HARLER‘s Zone for the good of mankind. The vast majority of the world’s limited knowledge of the Zone is the result of the work of the Ecologist faction. From inside their heavily fortified bunkers, conservationists are constantly testing artifacts, mutant parts, and anomalous data. Unfortunately, most conservationists are scientists, not fighters, which means they have a short lifespan in the Zone’s dangerous environments.


After the army was driven out of the area, environmentalists were left helpless, scientists began to hire stalkers as protection. This proved to be an extremely profitable relationship for both groups, as the Stalkers not only defended the scientists, but could also reliably bring mutant artifacts and parts, receiving generous bounty money and state-of-the-art anomaly protection equipment. Affectionately referred to as “eggheads” by loners, environmentalists are considered one of the area’s best employers for their reliable income and polite demeanor.

In the three HARLER titles, Ecologists serve as quest givers and central NPCs that drive the main story forward. While the Environmentalists can be seen outside the bunkers, most who venture beyond the perimeter are easy prey for bandits and hordes of horrid area mutants. Although their armor is not suited to defend against bullets and claws, it provides unparalleled anomaly protection, making ecosuits highly prized by artifact-hunting Stalkers.


RELATED: STALKER 2 resumes development

The Monolith Faction

Where conservationists want to unravel the mysteries of the Zone, Monolith is obsessed with keeping them obscured. Unlike most Stalkers hunting artifacts for personal gain, Monolith is a dangerous religious cult made up of zealots determined to keep everyone out of the center of the Zone, aided by powerful psionic barriers protecting the routes to Pripyat and the power plant. Chernobyl nuclear. Rumor has it that the most powerful artifact of all, the Monolith, lies deep within the ruins of the CNPP.

Monolith soldiers are the main antagonists of The shadow of Chernobyl and Clear sky, enemies of all other factions and with the manpower and equipment to fight them all. Monolith Soldiers are extremely dangerous opponents, capable of continuing to fight even after sustaining mortal wounds. Serving the Monolith is their sole obsession, and they will willingly give their lives to protect it. Even after the events of The shadow of Chernobylthe remnants of Monolith remain formidable fighters, their skill surviving even as their humanity fades.


Monolith is easily the best equipped zone faction. Their armor provides protection against physical and anomalous threats, and their troops are typically deployed with high-end exoskeletons and science armor. Even more impressive is their access to an arsenal of HARLERthe most powerful weapons in the Eastern and Western blocks, as well as extremely powerful experimental weapons built using area artifacts.

The importance of ecologists and the monolith

Ecologists and Monolith represent two opposing views on scientific discovery and the nature of mankind. Environmentalists respond to the unknown with humble wonder and optimism, while Monolith is rooted in a cynical and arrogant desire to rewrite human nature. The minds behind Monolith, though trying to limit the damage they have caused, never learn from their mistakes and continue to make matters worse with every “fix”, always justifying their crimes against humanity.


Both factions also show a strong connection with Roadside picnicthe novel the HARLER series is largely based on. The idealistic and intelligent researcher Kirill Panov is a major character in the story and one of the few people the cynical protagonist trusts. Monolith also has a minor connection through Gutalin, a religious counter-stalker who believes that artifacts in the area should not be removed. GSC Game World reflects this in the friendly and helpful nature of the environmentalists and the bigoted behavior of Monolith.

At a much more basic level of gameplay, GSC designed the Environmentalists to be NPCs the player could positively connect with while Monolith becomes a symbol of fear and hate. In this way, they are each other’s perfect foils. With STALKER 2 raising the emotional stakes of the series, it will be interesting to see how these factions are used in the return to Chernobyl.

STALKER 2: Heart of Chernobyl is in development for PC and Xbox Series X/S.

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