Ecology – E JEMED http://e-jemed.org/ Fri, 11 Jun 2021 19:59:57 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.2 https://e-jemed.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/default1-150x150.png Ecology – E JEMED http://e-jemed.org/ 32 32 In Wisconsin, restore historic golf course and national park together https://e-jemed.org/in-wisconsin-restore-historic-golf-course-and-national-park-together/ https://e-jemed.org/in-wisconsin-restore-historic-golf-course-and-national-park-together/#respond Fri, 11 Jun 2021 19:44:00 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/in-wisconsin-restore-historic-golf-course-and-national-park-together/ A powerful family of golfers come together to recreate a legendary course, and they will restore thousands of once heavily forested acres in National Park lands along the way. Chris Keizer and Michael Keizer Jr., the creative force behind the Sand Valley golf resort in rural Wisconsin, have taken to the national stage with elite […]]]>


A powerful family of golfers come together to recreate a legendary course, and they will restore thousands of once heavily forested acres in National Park lands along the way.

Chris Keizer and Michael Keizer Jr., the creative force behind the Sand Valley golf resort in rural Wisconsin, have taken to the national stage with elite golf courses and real estate developments built as part of an effort parallel to restore the surrounding landscapes to their natural ecosystems.

Their latest project in the expanding far reaches of Sand Valley will bring back a beloved lost golf course to players by 2022. Among game historians exploring the ghosts of the ancient game, there is no course richer in history to restore as the Lido.

Opened in 1917 along Lido Beach on the south shore of Long Island, NY, the original 18-hole course was designed by CB Macdonald, the first major American course designer. He mapped out the rugged and difficult links-style course over approximately 115 acres of marshland.

Struck by the Great Depression, the Lido Golf Club was sold and ultimately turned into a US Navy facility during World War II.

The Keizer sons wanted to bring the course back to life, but in Wisconsin. They hired designer Tom Doak and Renaissance Golf to restore the Lido to exacting specifications in Sand Valley, including a small private golf club for residents. According to Michael Keizer, efforts to reintroduce the Lido to the world continue along with restoration work on what will become the national park space around the course.

The Lido Golf Club in Long Island, NY, was once one of the most famous courses in the country.

The Lido

Keizer says the Lido’s return began as an ecological conservation project with no golf course involved, as part of a goal to restore more than 200,000 acres in central Wisconsin within the national park expanse. An opportunity arose out of this plan.

“Every year we look at the next footprint in restoring this park, and we have a number of models that help us accomplish those phases,” says Keizer. “At that time, I was reading about a number of wealthy people who left building sanctuaries for themselves and instead invested in leaving an ecological legacy. This project started with only 1000 acres that we wanted to restore as part of the park. Then it gave us a chance to bring back something special for golfers.

This plot did not seem to the Keizers to be a prime candidate for a golf course. The flat, benign site lacked the drama of other Sand Valley venues, and various stretches of nearby land seemed to offer more excitement if plans emerged for 18 more holes in Wisconsin.

“Nonetheless, the community there wanted another golf course, and I always wanted to restore the Lido because it was so exceptional and unique,” ​​adds Keizer. “The Lido was one of the best courses ever built, and it was built on a sandy swamp that was flat like our site. It was a match. “

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Michael Keizer Sr., the man behind the creation of the Bucket List Golf Course at Bandon Dunes in Oregon, a set of walk-only courses with a topography similar to that of Sand Valley, publicly states that he loves the legend of the Lido: restoring the Lido for some time, and I am proud that my sons have decided to make this dream come true. “

According to the plans of the Keiser, the majority of the lands of the Lido will return to their original landscape and bare of sand. Grading is underway and seeding will begin this spring, with the course scheduled to open in 2023. The hole layout will remain true to the original design of the Lido.

While the Keizers see themselves as environmentalists like many 21st century golf course stewards, Michael recognizes that the main business element in restoring the Sand Valley region to its natural surroundings was to provide aesthetic value to golfers and to owners.

“If a golf course occupies 250 acres, the 100 acres around it are sightseeing,” he says. “We started by restoring that view and were captivated by what the surroundings offered. It was amazing to see these native seeds that had been dormant for 100 years reappearing as the soil healed itself. “

There are endless challenges in the attempt to create a national park, and Keizer identified the state’s forest law as the main obstacle. He explains that the high tax penalties for restoring managed forests to their natural state threatened to discourage environmental reclamation. The family was able to work with the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources to move the project forward.

The new Lido is expected to be ready for players by 2022.

The Lido

“The [organization] has been very helpful and creative in helping us find ways to push the boundaries of forest law, while also promoting the reestablishment of these surrounding grasslands, ”Keizer said. “As soon as they toured the property and saw that we weren’t just lip service to the idea of ​​an industrial-scale conversation, they supported the project and helped us make it happen. We wouldn’t have gone beyond the limits of the golf courses without their help.

As the Lido is resurrected in north central Wisconsin, Michael Keizer is leading another revival effort in his adopted hometown, the state capital of Madison. When Keizer learned that Glenway’s executive-style nine-hole municipal course was struggling due to municipal funding issues, he stepped in to keep it as an important city resource.

With the cooperation of local authorities and in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, Keizer will fund a restoration of Glenway to a mixed-use property with a refurbished golf course, park and hiking trails. As with the Sand Valley projects, an ecological recovery plan is included in the design of Glenway.

“We will be working with our ecology team, the city ecology team and an ecology team from the University of Wisconsin to bring back native plants and species,” Keizer said. “Like our other Wisconsin properties, this is the rebirth of beautiful land.”



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G7 tax reform could entrench global inequalities https://e-jemed.org/g7-tax-reform-could-entrench-global-inequalities/ https://e-jemed.org/g7-tax-reform-could-entrench-global-inequalities/#respond Fri, 11 Jun 2021 06:22:30 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/g7-tax-reform-could-entrench-global-inequalities/ The tax proposal decided at the G7 finance ministers’ meeting last weekend was hailed as “historic” and “transformative”. But in its current form, unfortunately it is neither. Major changes can and must be made – at least by the G20 where it will then be considered – if there is to be serious global tax […]]]>


The tax proposal decided at the G7 finance ministers’ meeting last weekend was hailed as “historic” and “transformative”. But in its current form, unfortunately it is neither. Major changes can and must be made – at least by the G20 where it will then be considered – if there is to be serious global tax reform.

The proposal is based on the recognition that the international tax architecture, designed for an earlier and very different era, contains anomalies that allow multinational enterprises (MNEs) to avoid paying the same tax rate that local businesses pay. . They do this through accounting procedures described as “Base Erosion and Profit Shifting” (BEPS), artificially shifting profits to low-tax jurisdictions to avoid paying higher taxes in those jurisdictions. countries where they actually operate.

There is an obvious way to solve this problem, and the Independent Commission for the Reform of International Business Taxation (of which I am a member) has advocated a unitary tax system based on formula pay-as-you-go. This means allowing each country to tax the global profits of multinationals, dividing the profits according to a formula based on sales, employment and capital, with a minimum overall effective tax rate of 25 percent. This would immediately remove any incentive for multinationals to shift their profits between different jurisdictions and lead to a massive increase in tax revenue.

The tax push of the US administration

Now that the Biden administration has recognized the possibility of a significant increase in tax revenue, hope for global tax reform has been renewed. Janet Yellen’s demand for a 21 percent minimum corporate tax, though still lower than ICRICT’s demand, was nonetheless a very positive gesture. The idea of ​​a minimum overall rate is that countries can add additional taxes on the profits of their multinationals that face lower tax rates abroad. This must be done country by country, to avoid juggling the benefits between different jurisdictions to avoid this.

What’s even worse is that the G7 compromise does little for most developing countries, which are proportionately even bigger losers from foregone tax revenues.

The G7 compromise (in its “second pillar” of the tax proposal) led to a considerably lower minimum rate of “at least 15 percent”, close to the very low rates of tax havens like Ireland and Switzerland . It would also lead to a huge drop in tax revenue: EU Tax Observatory estimates suggest that forecast revenue for the European Union, for example, would drop from € 167.8 billion at 25% to € 98 billion. euros at 21% to only Euro 48.3 billion euros at 15%. For the United States, the forecast drop in revenue is from 165.4 billion euros at 25% to 104.4 billion euros at 21% to just 40.7 billion euros at 15%.

It is remarkable that G7 governments are prepared to forgo so much potential tax revenue that could usefully be used for large social and physical investments, simply because of the lobbying power of big business. Obviously, the public in these countries is either unaware or unwilling to demand a fairer outcome.

Developing countries lose out – again

What’s even worse is that the G7 compromise does little for most developing countries, which are proportionately even bigger losers from foregone tax revenues. For most developing countries, and for the world as a whole, the idea of ​​unitary taxation of multinationals, with taxes distributed according to a simple and fair formula, is much more relevant. It is unfortunate that during the negotiations, the proposal of the Intergovernmental Group of 24 (G-24, body coordinating the position of emerging economies) of fractional allocation was not given due consideration.

Instead, the G7’s proposal is embarrassingly inadequate and would likely result in no real change. Since it has actively called for their removal, it is possible that the United States government only brought forward this question in response to taxes imposed on digital multinationals based in the United States in several other countries. Currently, other countries say they will agree to eliminate these taxes only after the United States has passed the relevant legislation internally, which is by no means certain.

In any case, the proposal is far from the unitary taxation proposal of the ICRICT. He suggests that governments should only be allowed to tax at least 20 percent of the profits made in their country by a multinational that makes global profits on a 10 percent margin (which they apparently defined as a “Excess profit”).

Given the very limited changes in the G7 proposal, its wider reception as a huge step forward is truly a marketing triumph.

Such a notion of “excess profit” is bizarre – it is not used in any corporate tax system in any country. Since profits are already defined as the excess over all costs (including capital costs), this is clearly net income that should be taxed in the usual way, and indeed taxation should be progressive in order to capture the rents. The effect of this restriction, and the additional restriction to apply this new rule only to the largest multinationals, would be to significantly reduce the number of eligible companies (less than 200 companies). This would mean that developing countries would earn little or nothing in additional tax revenue.

Just a marketing triumph

Some details remain to be worked out. For example, how to define the tax base remains a thorny question. Ronen Palen argued that since this policy is based on accounting profits, it would still be easy for very large multinationals to avoid it and fall below the 10 percent threshold, including by splitting into separate companies. who operate in alliance.

It should be noted that Amazon, for example, may be exempt because its global profits are below the 10 percent margin, unless the new system includes segmentation to take into account only highly profitable segments ( like Amazon’s AWS). No wonder many digital giants like Apple and Facebook have already welcomed this proposal. In addition, there are already requests for exemptions for certain sectors, such as mining and finance.

Given the very limited changes in the G7 proposal, its wider reception as a huge step forward is truly a marketing triumph. And once again, unfortunately, the G7 have shown that they are not really leaders of the world, but leaders of a selfish group of powerful countries.

Read Dani Rodrik’s article “The G7 Tax Repression” for an opposing point of view.



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Indian diamond mine project could cost 200,000 trees – Quartz India https://e-jemed.org/indian-diamond-mine-project-could-cost-200000-trees-quartz-india/ https://e-jemed.org/indian-diamond-mine-project-could-cost-200000-trees-quartz-india/#respond Thu, 10 Jun 2021 08:01:09 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/indian-diamond-mine-project-could-cost-200000-trees-quartz-india/ The Bunder diamond block project in the Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh has been in the news for the wrong reasons over the years. The diamond mine project, now owned by Aditya Birla Group’s Essel Mining & Industries Limited (EMIL), faces dark clouds again amid protests over environmental concerns as it could lead to the […]]]>


The Bunder diamond block project in the Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh has been in the news for the wrong reasons over the years. The diamond mine project, now owned by Aditya Birla Group’s Essel Mining & Industries Limited (EMIL), faces dark clouds again amid protests over environmental concerns as it could lead to the felling of more than 200,000 trees.

The proposed project will cover an area of ​​364 hectares in the forests of Buxwaha, approximately 225 kilometers northeast of Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh. The block is estimated at 34 million carats of rough diamonds. The existing National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC) diamond mine is approximately 175 kilometers from Bunder.

According to EMIL, he plans to develop a fully mechanized surface mine and a state-of-the-art diamond recovery processing plant with an investment of around 2,500 crore rupees ($ 375.7 million). He notes that the project, once operational, has the potential to become one of the largest diamond mines in the Asian region. The company aims to execute the mining lease by the end of fiscal 2022.

However, the project faces stiff opposition, including social media campaigns. Already, a public interest dispute (PIL) has been filed with the Supreme Court of India, requesting a suspension of the project which was obtained by EMIL in 2019.

“The forest clearing report shows that the project would cost over 200,000 trees in the forest area and also use a lot of water. We are against the destruction of the environment in our region, which is already an area of ​​water distress, ”said Sankalp Jain, a local youth associated with one of the groups that run campaigns on social media such as“ save Buxwaha Forest ”and“ India stands with Buxwaha Forest ”last month.

Google Earth Map

The 364 ha mining concession area is one of some 3,000 ha of protected forests in Buxwaha in Madhya Pradesh.

Residents have been demonstrating since 2006

This is not the first time that the project has encountered resistance.

In 2006, the government of Madhya Pradesh granted a prospecting license to Rio Tinto Exploration India Private Limited (RTEIPL), an Australian mining giant, to explore diamond mining in the Buxwaha region in the Chhatarpur district. But the project also encountered strong opposition due to ecological concerns at the time.

Later, RTEIPL decided not to go ahead with the project and quit the project after submitting a prospecting report to the government of Madhya Pradesh in 2017.

“Rio Tinto has decided to donate the Bunder Diamond Project in India to the government of Madhya Pradesh after a full review,” said a press release from Rio Tinto. Rio Tinto Copper & Diamonds chief executive Arnaud Soirat said their “exit from Bunder is the latest example of Rio Tinto streamlining its portfolio of assets.”

He had handed over to the government all associated infrastructure, including land, facilities, equipment and vehicles. Although Rio Tinto did not provide a clear reason for the project’s exit, a team of researchers analyzed the reasons in a study published in May 2021.

“We analyzed the Rio exit and suggested that there wasn’t a single reason behind it. Rio may have left because the diamond trade was in decline around the world and is expected to decline further as more diamonds are mined in African countries and in Russia. For them, the money invested so far is just not worth the trouble the bad press would bring them, ”said Kuntala Lahiri Dutt, one of the study’s authors and professor in the Resources, Environment and Development program. (RE&D) from the Crawford School of Public Policy at Australian National University based in Canberra.

In India, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh are the three diamond producing states. Among them, Madhya Pradesh accounts for around 90% of the country’s total diamond resources.

“Diamond production (in India) was 38,437 carats in 2018-19 compared to 39,699 carats the previous year in India. Total global diamond production was 149.8 million carats in 2018, ”says a report from the Indian Bureau of Mines. The state-run NMDC has attempted to expand its operations to increase production.

Local sentiments are against the diamond mining project

The project is facing resistance due to ecological concerns and also because locals fear it will lead to loss of livelihoods.

Aniket Dikhit, a resident of Kasera village, which is one of the closest villages to the mining site, said: “Despite the allegations of job creation in mining, I think the project will eat away at them. livelihoods of the region.

“Our villagers depend on small forest products and water for agriculture. The project involves the hijacking of a nullah which is a lifeline for the region. It ensures the level of groundwater and water for wildlife. I am concerned that this project will also lead to the depletion of groundwater, ”said Dikhit.

The researchers who had analyzed the reasons for Rio Tinto’s exit had also counted unfavorable local feelings and movements against the project among the main reasons.

“This is in part because of the local protest by villagers and workers who emerged against Rio and their demands which were also promoted by NGOs which led to litigation in court, and there were clearances. environmental, bureaucratic and legal hurdles that Rio faced and asked to make underground mines that would have an increase in their cost, ”said Arnab Roy Chowdhury, one of the study’s authors who works with the School of Sociology of the Moscow Higher School of Economics (HSE).

“At the national level, when the BJP came to power in 2014 and started to take advantage of the national capitalist houses, there were at the same time problems of channeling rough stones through particular routes to India, which the government was not satisfied with. Thus, Rio’s political patronage in India slowly weakened over time and at the same time the world diamond price declined. Rio has several of its own diamond mines around the world, so they thought it was best to get out of this scenario. And then, as expected, an Indian company Aditya Birla Group (Essel Mines) received the lease for the Bunder mines, ”explained Chowdhury.

Mongabay India / Vinay Tiwari

A group of young people from Hamirpur, Uttar Pradesh, protested in Buxwaha Forest by tying threads to trees. In addition to the online campaigns, there have also been local protests on the ground.

Environmental concerns against the Bunder project

The Bunder mining project falls under the Bundelkhand region of India, which is an area of ​​water stress. Environmentalists believe the enormous need for water for diamond mining would add to the region’s water problems.

According to the project pre-feasibility report, the project’s water requirements are estimated at approximately 5.9 million cubic meters per day. “To meet this requirement, a nallah will be diverted by the construction of a dam. The water storage in the reservoir is estimated at around 17 MCM (million cubic meters), ”the report said.

However, the Buxwaha region of Chhatarpur district is already declared semi-critical by the Central Ground Water Authority.

Environmental activist Hari Krishna Dwivedi said that “the entire Bundelkhand region is facing a water crisis and this forest is essential for the local ecology”.

“In addition to providing livelihoods for locals, it also provides shelter for many wildlife. Seasonal streams in the forest are a source of groundwater recharge and contribute to the Betwa River, a lifeline of the Bundelkhand. The project will have an impact on all aspects of the environment, ”said Dwivedi.

The Bunder region is part of the Narmada Valley Dry Deciduous Forest region and is home to many species of trees and wildlife.

The entire area proposed for a mining lease is part of some 3,000 ha of protected forests in Buxwaha. Of the total, 364 hectares are intended for the Bunder mining project. The tree species found in the area are khair (Acacia Catechu), bel (Aegle Marmelos), dhava (Anogeissus latifolia), seja (Lagerstroemia Parviflora), ghoat (Randia dumetorum), renjha (Acacia leucophloea) ), Amltas (Cassia Fistula) and Saugon (Tectona Grandis).

“Forests are seriously affected by human activities. People in villages in the region depend on forests for at least two to four months a year for their livelihood, ”said a survey conducted by the Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control Board (MPPCB).

“Among the tree species, the mahua (Madhuca latifolia) is very important and is found abundantly around villages. However, the area has a fairly good variety of wildlife, including seven species listed in Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972. These are Indian gazelle, chowsingha, sloth bear, leopard, monitor lizard, Indian vulture and peacock, ”the survey said.

Residents are ready for a long fight again

The inhabitants of the region have already expressed their apprehensions against the project.

Dwivedi said they had “a long fight with the company (Rio Tinto) on the ground and even in court”.

“We have filed a complaint against the project in the High Court to stop the cutting of trees. We obtained an interim court order against the cutting of trees by Rio Tinto in 2013. We have organized numerous protests against the project and participated in a public hearing to register our opposition, ”said Dwivedi, adding that they are now preparing to wage another battle to protect their region.

“After the release of Rio Tinto, I felt that we had protected the Buxwaha forest from destruction, but the forest is still under threat. I suspect the agencies are hiding the facts about how many trees are supposed to be cut. I’m assuming it’s not just 215,000 trees but over 500,000 trees that will be felled for the project. This time, the battle is difficult due to the restrictions linked to COVID-19, ”Dwivedi said.

Sankalp Jain said they regularly try to “educate people about the surrounding environment” and “gain the support of the local population”.

“Young people are also participating in our online movement,” Jain said.

Dwivedi further said that due to the pandemic it has become “difficult to go out into the field and educate people about environmental loss.”

Arnab Roy Chowdhury, however, is skeptical. “The Ken-Betwa River Interconnection Project is already threatening 2.3 million trees and 190,000 trees have already been felled for the Bundelkhand Highway. The destruction of flora, megafauna (tiger) and human socio-ecological habitat made blatantly and “legally”, shows that it is never about the environment or people, no one in power don’t care in present-day India, ”he said. .

Mongabay-India contacted Essel Mining & Industries Limited (EMIL) to understand their plan of action, but despite attempts, questions remained unanswered.

This post first appeared on Mongabay-India. We welcome your feedback at ideas.india@qz.com.



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Grizzly Bear Ecology in MT and How to Prevent Conflict https://e-jemed.org/grizzly-bear-ecology-in-mt-and-how-to-prevent-conflict/ https://e-jemed.org/grizzly-bear-ecology-in-mt-and-how-to-prevent-conflict/#respond Wed, 09 Jun 2021 16:00:19 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/grizzly-bear-ecology-in-mt-and-how-to-prevent-conflict/ MISSOULA – MTN News recently told you about the history of grizzly bears. Now, we take a look at the current grizzly bear ecology in Montana – and offer some bear safety tips. Montana is home to this enormous mammal – reaching heights of up to eight feet tall and weighing up to 800 pounds, […]]]>


MISSOULA – MTN News recently told you about the history of grizzly bears. Now, we take a look at the current grizzly bear ecology in Montana – and offer some bear safety tips.

Montana is home to this enormous mammal – reaching heights of up to eight feet tall and weighing up to 800 pounds, the grizzly bear is one of the largest omnivores in North America.

Grizzly bears have large populations in Glacier National Park and the Great Yellowstone Ecosystem, but their range also spans Idaho, Washington state, and Wyoming.

During the 1880s, there were around 50,000 grizzly bears in the lower 48 states, but over time 95% of grizzly bear populations were lost from the United States range.

The early declines were largely the result of persecution by European settlers; grizzly bears have been shot, poisoned and trapped wherever they are found.

MTN News

For example, there were less than 200 grizzly bears in and around Yellowstone National Park in the 1970s.

The Endangered Species Act came into effect in 1973, and grizzly bears were listed as one of the first endangered species in 1975.

The following decades would provide stringent conservation measures, and Montana agencies joined with key federal land and wildlife officials to protect areas of habitat.

In the six bear recovery areas, only four areas have correct estimates in the Grizzly Bear Recovery Annual Report 2020.

He says there are 727 grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem, an estimate of 800 in the Northern Continental Divide ecosystem, 54 in the Yak, and 53 in the Selkirk. In 2021, there were a few confirmed cases of grizzly bears in the Bitterroot.

grizzly

MTN News

The animals expand their range as they grow, meaning that an increase in sightings and potential encounters may be likely as Montana’s population increases as well. Grizzly bears are opportunistic and adaptable omnivores, and more than half of their diet is vegetarian. While grizzly bears primarily like to eat what is in the wild, they will also eat human waste if they have access to it.

Some bear foods are under threat due to warming and climate change, and food scarcity is known to increase rates of human-bear conflict. The number of grizzly bear deaths has increased in recent years, and grizzly bears are often killed if they pose a threat to people or livestock.

They are out there and many, but they are just wild animals that have inhabited this place for thousands of years. If you’re in the woods, here are some dos and don’ts of practicing bear safety – and the methods are different depending on the bear species.

Tips from the National Park Service when in the backcountry:

To do

  • Make sure you always have bear spray with you and know how to use it
  • Hike in a large group and stay on the trails
  • Identify yourself by speaking in a calm manner so the bear knows you are there, you can yell “hey bear” or a bell can alert wildlife to your presence as well.
  • When camping in bear country, hang your food in a tree 100 feet from your campsite
  • Keep a clean camp with no traces of food
  • Avoid carcasses
Bear tips

MTN News

Do not

  • Don’t hike at dawn, dusk, or night when grizzly bears are most active
  • Don’t leave food or garbage unattended
  • if you carry a bag, don’t drop it, keep it on your back
  • Make sure you don’t run away. It can invoke the instinct of a predator to flee from prey
  • Never camp in an area where bear activity is evident
  • Do not feed bears or any wild animals
Bear is not

MTN News

You can also learn to “be bear aware” from Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks here.

Preventing a conflict is easier than resolving one:

  • Bear spray is a very effective, non-lethal deterrent. Carry an EPA approved bear spray and know how to use it.
  • Never feed wild animals, especially bears. Bears that become conditioned on food lose their natural foraging behavior and pose a threat to human security. And it’s illegal to feed bears in Montana.
  • Know your bears. It is important to know the difference between grizzly bears and black bears whether you are hunting or hiking.
  • Always keep a safe distance from wildlife. Never intentionally approach a bear.
  • A properly constructed electrified fence is both safe for people, livestock and pets, and has been shown to be effective in deterring bears from human resources such as beehives, garbage or small livestock

Finally, be sure to report encounters if a bear has exhibited aggressive or defensive behavior towards people, livestock or pets, or damaged property.



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WA scientist deploys new, longer-term smoke forecast https://e-jemed.org/wa-scientist-deploys-new-longer-term-smoke-forecast/ https://e-jemed.org/wa-scientist-deploys-new-longer-term-smoke-forecast/#respond Tue, 08 Jun 2021 19:59:50 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/wa-scientist-deploys-new-longer-term-smoke-forecast/ Reports from Doug Nadvornick of SPR. The Washington State Environmental Agency has developed a new tool to determine where smoke from wildfires will disperse. The goal is to give leeward people more time to prepare. When a wildfire breaks out somewhere in Washington, there’s a good chance Ramil Dhammapala will know where the smoke will […]]]>


The Washington State Environmental Agency has developed a new tool to determine where smoke from wildfires will disperse. The goal is to give leeward people more time to prepare.

When a wildfire breaks out somewhere in Washington, there’s a good chance Ramil Dhammapala will know where the smoke will go.

“You just don’t know what the fires are going to do, whether they are new fires or whether the existing fires are going to spread further, whether they will be brought under control. Also, the other big unknown is the rise of the plume. How high do the plumes come directly from the fire? Said Dhammapala, an atmospheric scientist in the state department of ecology.

Dhammapala takes this information, the numbers in the direction and speed of the wind, the possibility of rain and a variety of other factors. Then he works out a smoke forecast.

Last summer, his forecast looked two or three days into the future. This year, he is extending them to five days. Why? Public demand.

“One of the most common questions we received was, ‘Where can I go this weekend for a hike? Or “What will my preferred starting point be like?” Can I expect him to emerge in time for an event they were planning this weekend? ” he said.

As with weather forecasts, the further into the future you look, the less accurate the smoke forecast will be. But Dhammapala says that as technology advances, he becomes more and more confident in his ability to anticipate a few more days.

As he refined his forecasting tool, he consulted his colleagues in the state, scientists at Washington State University, and local air quality agencies. Spokane Clean Air Agency spokeswoman Stephanie May said scientists had provided comments. She says, for now, stick with the practice of only looking to the future for two days when they issue their air quality recommendations, “but we think this new environmental tool is a great one. resource for those looking to plan further ahead, “she said.

You can see the five-day forecast map on the Department of Ecology website.



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Black bear cub removed from Cochrane Ecological Institute, license revoked https://e-jemed.org/black-bear-cub-removed-from-cochrane-ecological-institute-license-revoked/ https://e-jemed.org/black-bear-cub-removed-from-cochrane-ecological-institute-license-revoked/#respond Mon, 07 Jun 2021 22:50:00 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/black-bear-cub-removed-from-cochrane-ecological-institute-license-revoked/ CALGARY – Alberta fish and wildlife officers removed a black bear cub from a wildlife rehabilitation center earlier this month and revoked the facility’s license to work with the animals. The decision was made on June 1 when Alberta Fish and Wildlife officers removed a cub from the Cochrane Ecological Institute (CEI) and revoked its […]]]>


CALGARY – Alberta fish and wildlife officers removed a black bear cub from a wildlife rehabilitation center earlier this month and revoked the facility’s license to work with the animals.

The decision was made on June 1 when Alberta Fish and Wildlife officers removed a cub from the Cochrane Ecological Institute (CEI) and revoked its license to rehabilitate orphaned black bears.

A hunter was near Kearl Lake on May 16 and called the IEC to report that a bear cub had been found covered in bitumen. The hunter called the center after observing the cub for 12 hours and not seeing his mother anywhere nearby.

Clio Smeeton, president of the CEI Center, said the rehabilitation permit required her to report the bear within 24 hours of arriving at her facility. Smeeton says it was closer to 40 hours by the time she started submitting the forms.

Smeeton says she’s very busy in her facility right now and the important thing to her is that the cub is safe.

Alberta Fish and Wildlife claims Smeeton violated other license requirements, such as asking the hunter to lead the bear halfway to its facility and not bring the petroleum-covered bear to the correct vet.

Smeeton says she thinks it’s all due to the fact that she’s had issues with the government in the past. In 2018, Smeeton argued that Alberta’s rewrite of the orphaned black bear protocol was misleading, leading the province to be tough on its establishment.



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Funding the arts in an interconnected ecology https://e-jemed.org/funding-the-arts-in-an-interconnected-ecology/ https://e-jemed.org/funding-the-arts-in-an-interconnected-ecology/#respond Sun, 06 Jun 2021 23:46:09 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/funding-the-arts-in-an-interconnected-ecology/ A local council decision to cut funding echoes the federal government’s continued reduction in the arts, according to David Pledger. Australian arts culture is built on different levels of government that support the arts. Image Shutterstock. David pledge Monday, June 7, 2021 May 2021 was a hell of a month for Victorian artists. Less than […]]]>


A local council decision to cut funding echoes the federal government’s continued reduction in the arts, according to David Pledger.

Australian arts culture is built on different levels of government that support the arts. Image Shutterstock.

David pledge

Monday, June 7, 2021

May 2021 was a hell of a month for Victorian artists.

Less than 10 days after news that the city of Port Philip was proposing to cut three-year funding for six small arts companies, fear of a dreaded third wave forced the state to adopt Lockdown 4.0, shutting down the RISING festival for the second year and effectively extinguishing the reception of the public. of more than 750 works by local artists. The existential effects on everyone involved cannot be underestimated.

PUBLICITY

It is a reminder of the extreme precariousness of the artist’s life, a condition which was at a tipping point before the pandemic and which was never made worse by a neoliberal pact between the government and the arts sector. . In the absence of a national advocacy strategy, conditions today are generated by government actions across local, state and federal borders.

The federal government’s best offering to the arts has been inglorious. Not only by refusing to accommodate the working lives of artists and arts workers in programs like JobSeeker, has it gutted the university sector, cutting off a key additional source of income for artists. Many cultural commentators have felt that the right-wing federal government is using pandemic conditions to completely wipe out the Australian art scene.

At the state level, sometimes things seem to be getting better. Governments have made concessions to the arts under the guise of supporting the creative industries, but these often take the form of infrastructure projects. In its latest budget, the Victorian government trumpeted the biggest contribution to the arts through 5,000 construction jobs to build a shiny new thing for the NGV to house art made by artists whose livelihoods have been eroded by the drip of direct funding that has slowed to a trickle over the past decade.

Governments continue to confuse culture with buildings and society for the economy. The Victorian government did better than most to pour money into artists’ pockets, but unless there is a exponential increase in direct funding for artists, the new NGV house will be empty.

‘… unless there is a exponential increase in direct funding for artists, the new NGV house will be empty.

At the local government level, where grassroots and politics often meet on more equitable terms, the amalgamation of the arts and creative industries is more difficult to fit together largely because the economies of scale are smaller: arts are sometimes still considered a public good. But that doesn’t prevent small arts organizations from being blinded by inexplicable Council decisions. Since 2018 in the city of Port Philip, six small arts companies have received $ 30,000 per year, the Triennial Funding Council recently informed them that it intends to stop. The six companies are:

  • Ballet Lab by Philip Adams, one of Australia’s leading contemporary dance companies;
  • Rawcus, one of Australia’s most acclaimed theater companies, featuring an ensemble of performers with diverse minds, bodies and imaginations;
  • Theater Works, one of Australia’s oldest independent theater producers;
  • Red Stitch, one of Australia’s leading sets of actors;
  • The Torch, a key provider of arts, culture and arts industry support to Indigenous offenders and ex-offenders in the State of Victoria; and,
  • Australian Tapestry Workshop which has a worldwide reputation for creating contemporary tapestries in collaboration with living artists and architects.

So all viable businesses, far exceeding their funding footprint. Ballet Lab and Rawcus bring cultural capital to the city of Port Philip nationally and internationally; Theater Works and Red Stitch are distinctive and original companies that resonate locally and nationally, and the profiles of The Torch and the Australian Tapestry Workshop speak for themselves.

These organizations are the lifeblood of cultural production in the town of Port Philip, which prides itself on its connection to culture and has benefited from significant investment and tourism. The cancellation of this core funding opportunity will have a much more deleterious resonance than a variance of $ 180,000 in the Council’s budget. This will negatively affect the identity of the city of Port Philip as a cultural hub and it will reduce the ability of the council and the sector to mount the city’s highly visible offerings on its cultural calendar. It is a bad investment decision with serious repercussions. Cease three-year funding to these organizations after a single cycle in which they exceeded expectations during a global pandemic, and the Council faces the wrath of taxpayers, the desperation of its artist-constituents, and damage to reputation in the cultural sector in the broad sense. .

Not good for business. Not good for the city. So why did it come to this? Some report an influx of new advisers, others denigration of arts and culture on the council, others a new CEO, and others long-standing philistinism. It is seldom a single factor. The harsh reality for business is summed up in this statement from Rawcus:

The loss of funding from the COPP Key Organization will have a huge impact on Rawcus and our ability to deliver our program. This will mean a loss of working hours and a reduced ability to deliver public program projects that engage independent artists and arts workers and create opportunities for diverse participants to participate in inclusive artistic experiences.

More likely, a key contributing factor is the growing atmosphere in government funding circles at all levels to diminish the value, role, and agency of the arts – especially at the local level – while pouring out contradictory rhetoric of support and concern. Since 2015, our national small and medium-sized business sector has shrunk by 35%, from 145 to 95 companies supported by the Australian Council’s Four-Year Funding stream. The sector can no longer be described as small to medium; it’s just small. Thus, if the three-year funding of the six businesses in the city of Port Phillip is interrupted, the sector could still decline, as its precariousness is great.

“The sector can no longer be described as small to medium; it’s just small.

Historically, the interdependence of the Australian government funding system for this part of the arts ecology has been a source of resilience in the sector; that resilience is now exhausted. The life of independent artistic production in Australia is in turmoil, as evident in the genuine support for the RISING festival as it is in the retrograde stance of the city of Port Philip. In this, the arts share a lot with what is happening on our planet. We know it is disappearing, but our best efforts only seem to turn us into spectators of the consequences of our own actions.

Of course, we could just refuse to let that happen.

In this case, taking action is quite straightforward. Email Port Philip Town Councilors directly. There is a special Council meeting this Tuesday June 8th. We owe it to our fellow artists and art workers to resist, and to ourselves to practice protest. It is a muscle that we must develop to ensure a fairer future.



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Media ecology and digital communication: Download the learning units https://e-jemed.org/media-ecology-and-digital-communication-download-the-learning-units/ https://e-jemed.org/media-ecology-and-digital-communication-download-the-learning-units/#respond Sun, 06 Jun 2021 03:41:13 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/media-ecology-and-digital-communication-download-the-learning-units/ According to the OECD’s Digital Economy 2020 report of 27 November, measures to fight epidemics have had a profound impact on the relationship with digital. Our pro-tech global education may have touched all aspects of society, from education to health. As businesses embrace digital tools, telecommuting, distance education, and e-commerce have gained momentum. Governments, businesses […]]]>


According to the OECD’s Digital Economy 2020 report of 27 November, measures to fight epidemics have had a profound impact on the relationship with digital. Our pro-tech global education may have touched all aspects of society, from education to health. As businesses embrace digital tools, telecommuting, distance education, and e-commerce have gained momentum. Governments, businesses and academics are rapidly realizing the potential of artificial intelligence to help respond to the crisis.

Useful social use of data generated by our devices

The new era of investment in digital infrastructure has opened at the same time as the health emergency, which will continue to bear fruit in the medium term. The discussion on the socially useful use of data generated by our devices and scientific research will extend further not only to privacy issues but also to ethics, international relations and the relationship between companies and their customers. In addition, the growing importance of digital technology in our social and economic life will push us to control the distortions of a sector dominated by certain players, to transcend the current model of self-regulation, and to accelerate the approval of new rules for accept the great digital. Sites are not neutral in content management.

Familiarize yourself with increasingly sophisticated telecommunications equipment

The epidemic has accelerated trends already underway in the digital world and in our daily lives, forcing millions of people to become increasingly accustomed to fancy telecommunications equipment and forcing companies to radically change the system of work. . Favorable to digital arbitration communications and the use of clouds. No one knows how many of these will be in the post-epidemic period, but it’s easy to predict that many workers and companies will choose to work in a hybrid fashion, at least somewhat remotely, with changes that have matured. these last months. as many sectors deepen: e-commerce, education, healthcare, entertainment and retail, to name a few.

Sosteniblitta, work-life balance and the gender gap

The human and environmental dimension of companies is increasingly important when it comes to sustainability, work-life balance and the gender gap. Smart work, active work, the ability to transform the life and workspace of a community in transition, complex planning, processes and ways of experiencing work that determine the true transformation of the paradigm, on rhythms, relationships, work habits, team structure, management thinking, the environment Moves towards the firm and meaningful application of the principles of sustainability, closely linked to new social protection policies, to wider social benefit and improved quality of life. Flexibility and autonomy in the choice of places, times and tools that people use, in return for their accountability based on results, adjusts the well-being of the individual with better business productivity. Rethinking workplaces therefore means talking about sustainability from several angles, including the environment.

Learn web tracking techniques and develop unique and effective digital marketing skills

In this context, the importance of training new professionals with concrete skills in digital communication applies to very different fields. With the ability to identify and periodically assess the strengths and critiques of different communication channels and systems, young people can not only learn how to properly use current technologies, but also learn to manage data analysis tools. . From marketing and data journalism, to healthcare and the use of social media in a variety of fields. This means becoming familiar with web tracking techniques, developing unique and effective digital marketing skills, learning about the regulatory framework for privacy, regulatory systems and cybersecurity activities, and keeping cultural tools up to date on the market. evolution of media ecology. Before our eyes, knowing how to evolve in a world confronted with new problems. With the evolution of everything from virus mechanisms to attempts to manage false messages by harnessing the potential of artificial intelligence, from environmental change to gender equality, from infotemics to the offline, relevant dimension, communicative and social, where the difference becomes more and more subtle online and offline.

Two weeks of theoretical courses, practical cases and projects to be developed, with the most innovative Italian schools, universities and institutions, is one of the most exciting places in Italy. The second edition of the Summer School for Young Graduates and Primary, organized by the Festival de la Communication, has been announced.

Summer School in Media Ecology and Digital Communications

Second edition Summer School in Media Ecology and Digital Communications, Organized by the Frame-Festival of Communication in collaboration with the University of Genoa, the University of Turin-Sienza Nova, the Superior School of Pizza Management Sant’Anna and the Italian Institute of Technology, the Municipality of Camogli and the Liguria region.

Promote pollution and knowledge sharing between individuals from different academic backgrounds

During the two weeks of the summer school, the theoretical courses will alternate between projects to be developed in institutions or research centers and small working groups, with different academic backgrounds and will promote the sharing of knowledge between people with skills experimental. Field. Valuable networking, all in a network of extensive relationships. The lecture program is designed to provide essential theoretical elements and develop an active, motivated and visionary approach to practical activities. The application plan will work with the managers of the companies to bring their experience input and advice for the projects.

Following the eighth edition of the Communication Ceremony

In the days following the eighth edition of the Communication Festival (September 9 to 12) to host the summer school, there will be the historic coastal village of Camogli, one of the most famous of the Ligurian Riviera of Lavender and Italy but also a place for meeting and discussion, culture, innovation, economy and entertainment. Reference point for the heroes of the world. The hub of an international innovation network that attracts key players in current social, economic, political, cultural and technological changes.

A new approach to work and media reality

Rather than a training class, the Summer School for Media Ecology and Digital Communication is the precursor of a new approach to work, and the most energetic and virtuous organizations at the center of media reality and ideas and innovation that we live and operate and in which we engage. major research centers, universities, a united and coherent network.

Under the title “Communication and Social Media Skills” we are incorporating an entirely restricted learning section on “Media Ecology and Digital Communication”, which was effectively created by the national agency “Vincenzo Diary”, a declared the principal of the school. Pampina Carmela cutis.

To print



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Shanghai will be an “ecological city” surrounded by forests https://e-jemed.org/shanghai-will-be-an-ecological-city-surrounded-by-forests/ https://e-jemed.org/shanghai-will-be-an-ecological-city-surrounded-by-forests/#respond Sat, 05 Jun 2021 04:54:00 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/shanghai-will-be-an-ecological-city-surrounded-by-forests/ The city’s forest cover will rise to 23 percent by 2035, and it will have more than 30 rural parks by then. A plan on how to design Shanghai’s ecological space between 2021 and 2035 was released on Saturday, World Environment Day. The objective is to create an “ecological city” in gardens, surrounded by forests […]]]>


The city’s forest cover will rise to 23 percent by 2035, and it will have more than 30 rural parks by then.

A plan on how to design Shanghai’s ecological space between 2021 and 2035 was released on Saturday, World Environment Day.

The objective is to create an “ecological city” in gardens, surrounded by forests and characterized by a blue sky, clear waters and green spaces.

The “ecological city” will be supported by systems of parks, forests and wetlands as well as networks of greenways and ecological corridors.

By 2035, the city’s forest cover will rise to 23 percent from 18.49 percent last year. Its per capita green space will reach at least 13 square meters.

It will have at least 30 natural parks at that time, compared to seven currently.

The length of the key greenway will reach at least 2,000 kilometers, and the rate of wetland protection will reach more than 50 percent.

The Yangtze River Delta Ecology and Green Integration Demonstration Area will be transformed into a plateau with ecological value and high quality integrated ecological development. Nine ecological corridors surrounding areas such as Dazhi River, Jinhui Port and Huangpu River will be constructed.

The outer ring green belt will chain a range of green lands in areas like Dachang, Biyun, Taopu, Sanlin and Beicai. The city has designated two top-level ecological spaces, Jiuduansha National Wetlands Nature Reserve and Chongming Dongtan National Nature Reserve, as part of its “Red Line of Ecological Protection”.

City-level nature reserves, national forest parks, wildlife habitats, and some city wetlands and hills are also inside the line.

A tiered park system including national parks, urban parks, rural parks, community parks, pocket parks and vertical greenery will be constructed, satisfying the diverse demands for recreation, rest and tourism of residents. .



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Beyond synthetic biology, synthetic ecology improves health by changing the environment https://e-jemed.org/beyond-synthetic-biology-synthetic-ecology-improves-health-by-changing-the-environment/ https://e-jemed.org/beyond-synthetic-biology-synthetic-ecology-improves-health-by-changing-the-environment/#respond Fri, 04 Jun 2021 18:41:52 +0000 https://e-jemed.org/beyond-synthetic-biology-synthetic-ecology-improves-health-by-changing-the-environment/ PICTURE: In a new study from Nature Communications, researchers at BU’s Microbiome Initiative found that providing microbial communities with a greater variety of food sources did not increase the variety of microbial species. After Credit: Image courtesy of Alan Pacheco and Daniel Segrè. There is a lot of interest right now about how different microbiomes […]]]>


PICTURE: In a new study from Nature Communications, researchers at BU’s Microbiome Initiative found that providing microbial communities with a greater variety of food sources did not increase the variety of microbial species. After

Credit: Image courtesy of Alan Pacheco and Daniel Segrè.

There is a lot of interest right now about how different microbiomes – like the one made up of all the bacteria in our gut – could be harnessed to improve human health and cure disease. But Daniel Segrè set his sights on a much more ambitious vision of how the microbiome could be manipulated for good: “To help support our planet, not just our own health.”

Segrè, director of the Boston University Microbiome Initiative, says he and other scientists in his field of synthetic and systems biology study microbiomes – microscopic communities of bacteria, fungi, or a combination of those that influence them. on each other and on the surrounding environment. . They want to know how microbiomes could be directed to perform important tasks like absorbing more atmospheric carbon, protecting coral reefs from ocean acidification, improving the fertility and yield of agricultural land, and supporting the growth of forests and forests. other plants despite changing environmental conditions.

“Microbes affect us as humans through their own metabolic processes, they affect our planet through what they consume and secrete, they help create the oxygen we breathe”, explains Segrè, professor of biology and bioinformatics at the BU College of Arts & Sciences and College of Engineering professor of biomedical engineering. “A long time ago, microbes were what made multicellular life possible.”

But unlike many other synthetic biologists who work in the improvement or genetic engineering of microbes directly, Segrè is more interested in how to direct the behavior of a microbiome by altering the environmental conditions in which it lives – a an approach which he believes could best be described as “synthetic ecology”.

“The most traditional synthetic biology approach would be to manipulate the genomes of microbes”, explains Segrè. “But we are trying to manipulate microbial ecosystems using environmental molecules.”

“We know that microbial interactions with the environment are important,” says Alan Pacheco, who obtained his doctorate in bioinformatics at the Segrè laboratory. Some of these interactions benefit multiple microbial species, some benefit only one species in a community, and some can be harmful to certain species, he says. “But there’s still so much we don’t know about why these interactions happen the way they do.”

In a new study published recently in Nature Communication, Segrè, Pacheco and their collaborator Melisa Osborne, a research scientist at the Segrè laboratory, explored how the presence of 32 different environmental molecules or nutrients, alone or in combination with others, would influence the growth rate of microbial communities and the mixing of ‘various species. constituting a given microbiome.

“Deep in our minds we had this idea of ​​a diet, framed by studies that looked at differences in the gut microbiome based on Western diets and hunter-gatherer diets,” says Pacheco, who is now a postdoctoral fellow at ETH Zürich. The hunter-gatherer diets, which are opportunistic and include a wide range of plant-based food sources, are considered to be much more diverse than the Western diet, which is why the hunter-gatherer diet is believed to cultivate a healthier gut. .

But the experimental results surprised the team. They expected to see the growth and diversity of microbiomes increase as “insects” have more access to a variety of foods – a range of carbons, including sugars, amino acids and complex polymers – but that’s not what their carefully controlled experiments revealed. Instead, they observed that competition for food between different species of microbes hampered diversification within the microbial community.

“Our results demonstrate that environmental complexity alone is not sufficient to maintain community diversity and provide practical guidance for the design and control of microbial ecosystems,” write the authors.

So what are the mechanisms that control the diversity of a microbiome? “It’s going to take some time to figure out the cause of all of these interactions,” says Segrè.

Although increasing the variety of food sources did not increase the variety of microbial species in their experiments, more food fueled more microbial growth. “We have found that the yield depends on the total number of carbon sources, but not on the variety of those sources,” says Segrè. “It’s like people at a picnic – if enough people come to a picnic, no matter how spread the different foods are, eventually everything will be eaten. In many of our experiments, the microbial communities have used up to the last bit of carbon source at most. “

Pacheco adds that if someone can consume something, someone else can surpass it. “Our experiments have shown that the crucial modulator of microbial diversity is the extent to which these different organisms compete for resources,” he says. “The more organizations compete, the less diverse this community will be.”

The team plans to do more research on other environmental factors, studying how nutrient access and variety alter microbial communities over time, and how the environment in which the microbial community lives affects their consumption and. their secretion of molecules. They are also exploring how metabolic processes among different microbial species might interact and interact with each other, and how the ability of certain organisms to consume multiple resources sequentially or simultaneously affects the microbiome as a whole.

Unlocking more and possibly tapping into all of those environmental “dials and knobs” could open the door to the use of microbiomes to influence human metabolisms and states of health or disease in people and in natural ecosystems.

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Funders: Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Ford Foundation, US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Human Frontiers Science Program, University’s Office of Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research from Boston

Warning: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of any press releases posted on EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information via the EurekAlert system.



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