For Xi, the environment in the Yellow River basin comes first


BEIJING, Oct. 24 (Xinhua) – The Pinglu Yellow River Wetland, at the junction of Shanxi and Henan provinces, welcomed another group of guests at the end of October – 13 swans that migrated to spend the winter.

With a pleasant climate and abundant food, the 6,000-hectare wetland is one of China’s main winter habitats for white swans, attracting tens of thousands of birds from Russia’s Siberian region.

To better protect the bird, Pinglu County in Shanxi closed polluting businesses around the wetland and invested hundreds of millions of yuan to improve the surrounding ecological environment. A protection team of more than 100 people has been assembled and a remote video surveillance system is operational. The county government has also spent 400,000 yuan (about US $ 62,640) per year over the past decade to compensate residents who have returned their farmland to the wetland.

“Besides favorable policies and investments, China’s continued efforts to improve the ecological environment of the Yellow River have contributed the most to the migration of white swans,” said Zhang Jin, chief of the wildlife protection station. from the Pinglu County Forestry Bureau.

The Yellow River is the second longest in China, measuring 5,464 km, and crosses nine provincial regions, including Shanxi, Henan and Shandong.

For more than 3,000 years, the Yellow River basin has been the political, economic and cultural center of the country. He witnessed the birth of four landmark inventions in ancient China: printing techniques, papermaking, gunpowder and the compass. It is also the place where the Book of Songs and other ancient Chinese classics were written.

Today, more than 400 million people live in the basin, which plays a crucial role in the country’s ecological and food supply systems.

Chinese President Xi Jinping, who pays great attention to the protection of the Yellow River, has visited all the provincial regions crossed by the Yellow River and visited the banks on several occasions.

“The protection of the Yellow River is essential for the great rejuvenation and sustainable development of the Chinese nation,” said Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, while chairing a symposium on the ‘ecology. high-quality protection and development of the Yellow River basin in Zhengzhou, provincial capital of Henan in September 2019.

Presiding over a symposium on promoting ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin in Jinan, capital of Shandong Province, on Friday, Xi called for notable progress in ecological protection and high-quality development. quality of the Yellow River basin during the 14th five-year term. Plan period (2021-2025).

Provincial-level regions along the Yellow River should focus on prioritizing the environment and engaging in green development, Xi said. He visited the river estuary and the Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve in Dongying City, Shandong on Wednesday.

Thanks to wetland restoration efforts, the number of bird species in the Delta Nature Reserve has doubled from 187 in 1992 to 371 this year. The city has restored more than 20,000 hectares of wetlands since 2017 and built a 108 km long ecological corridor along the Yellow River, according to Dongying Mayor Chen Bichang.

Quality development measures have also been adopted in the provinces and autonomous regions of the Yellow River basin.

In April, the State Council approved a plan to build a startup zone to replace old growth engines with new ones in Jinan. The area also serves as a demonstration area for promoting ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River basin.

Covering an area of ​​798 km², the startup area is expected to include future industries such as brain-like artificial intelligence, future network and 4D manufacturing, and achieve output of over 60 billion yuan by 2025.

At the beginning of October, the central authorities published a framework document on the ecological protection and quality development of the Yellow River basin. The document will guide the country’s ecological conservation and high-quality development of the Yellow River basin through 2030 and beyond, and will serve as an important basis for the formulation and implementation of planning, policy and development plans. relevant measures, as well as building engineering projects.

Quality development in the Yellow River basin also facilitates common prosperity. Lishi village in Xihaigu Mountain, a region of northwest China’s Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, was one of the poorest in China due to drought and fragile ecology.

As more and more Chinese consumers prefer traditional food, Lishi Village has set up vinegar workshops, oil mills and other factories in recent years to promote industries with local characteristics.

Its quality products such as vinegar, oil and flour have been well received. Last year, the collective economic income of Lishi village reached about 640,000 yuan, and dividends were paid to villagers for three consecutive years.

“A few years ago, I had to do odd jobs in big cities for several months every year. Now, with manual oil press skills, I can earn over 30,000 yuan a year without having to work elsewhere.” said villager Qi Guoxi. . “It’s more stable and more convenient.”

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