The DOE to deal with biological invaders threatening biodiversity
TEHRAN – Invasive species harm their new habitat after being introduced there by humans. Thus, the Ministry of the Environment has prepared programs to combat biological invaders while supporting education and awareness.
Invasive species negatively affect habitats and bioregions, causing ecological, environmental and economic damage, said Seyed Mehdi Mostafavi, head of the animal department at the National Museum of Natural History and Genetic Resources.
The term can be used for native species that become pests in their native distribution due to human habitat and environmental alterations, he added.
Invasive species negatively affect habitats and bioregions, causing ecological, environmental and economic damage. Invasion of long-established ecosystems by organisms is a natural occurrence, but human-facilitated introductions have dramatically increased the rate, scale and geographic scope of invasion, he said. .
For millennia, humans have served as both accidental and deliberate agents of dispersal, beginning with their earliest migrations, accelerating with the age of discovery, and accelerating again with international trade.
In order to properly handle how to deal with this issue, more studies should be conducted and clear rules should be formulated, as well as the cooperation of agencies and an appropriate budget should be provided with the cooperation of neighboring countries, he said. He suggests.
Protection of biological diversity
Iran has a high species diversity due to geographical conditions, climatic diversity, huge water resources from the Caspian Sea in the north and the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea in the south.
According to the latest studies, about 1,300 species of vertebrates including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and aquatic fishes, about 30,000 species of invertebrates and 8,000 species of plants have been identified in the country.
Unfortunately, over the past two decades, human activities have led to an alarming degradation of ecosystems, the suppression of genes, species and biological capacities; Human threats to biodiversity have accelerated the most over the past 50 years in the entire history of human life.
According to the United Nations, three-quarters of the terrestrial environment and about 66% of the marine environment have been altered by human activities, and the latest report from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES ) indicates that more than one million animal and plant species are threatened with extinction.
Therefore, any planning and action in the direction of optimal and reasoned management of the protection of biodiversity in the country, the continuous interaction and cooperation of the responsible bodies, and to benefit from international opportunities and their resources financial and professional can play a very important and key role in maintaining biological diversity alongside sustainable development.
We hope that with the common resolve of officials and policy makers, the people, the media and environmental activists will preserve and protect this valuable asset for future generations.